Jungle Marathon 2013 Eco & Environment Information
The JungleOur race is held in a protected area of Rainforest, the Floresta Nacional de Tapajos.
The Tapajos National Forest is the second largest conservation unit located in the Tapajos river watershed, a region of great biodiversity, with many species endemic to the region, and extremely scenic. Very few conservation units in the Amazon region protect such a large portion of the flora and fauna of clear water river systems. Over 1100 families divided in 24 communities live in traditional style, mostly along the Tapajos river edge.
They cultivate manioc, corn, rice, watermelon, fish, gather turtles, brazil nuts, oils, resins, sell handcrafts and more recently practice ecotourism, which creates a good perspective for the local economy and conservation.
This local population of caboclos, mostly born in the region, are descendents of Portuguese, originally attracted by rubber collecting, and the indigenous people. Currently, most of the communities are supplied with tapped water and water wells. A boat-clinic provides medical assistance, and some social and environmental projects are developed thanks to non-governmental organizations like PSA and Promanejo. Most of its 600,000 hectares is composed of tall dry forest with at least some 170 species of plant species per hectare.
Campinarana, (a savanna type- vegetation) and Igap█ forest also occurs in the reserve, where highly threatened species of water mammals like river otters, giant otters and manatee can be found, particularly during the rainy season which lasts from December to July, with most precipitation occurring from December to May. Some 300 different species of fish also depends on such habitat. They are Tambaquis, Pirarucus, stingrays and cat fish to mention some.
Dense tropical forest, most located in Terra Firma hosts an array of mammals including spider monkeys, jaguars, tapirs, two-toed sloths and more common games like pacas, agoutis, peccaries, capuchin monkeys, Howler monkeys and Silvery marmoset. Over 300 species of birds can be found in the Tapajos national forest; amongst these are harpy eagles, crested eagles, white-tailed cotinga, bare-eyed antbird, pale-faced antbird, purple-breasted cotingas, hoatzins.
The Psittacidae family is quite well represented by Hyacinth macaws, Red-and-green macaws, Scarlet macaws, Blue-and-yellow macaws, red-bellied macaws, Vulturine parrots and Golden Parakeet, the symbol of Brazil. Reptiles, amphibians and insects are also plentiful and very little studies have been carried on this field, creating an infinite environment for researches.
The Tapajos River gives good access to the region, and to a lesser extent can be accessed by parts of the Santarem-Cuiaba highway.
Tapajos National Forest
Municipalities: Belterra, Placas, Santar╚m, Aveiro e Rur█polis
Bioma: Floresta Amaz┘nica ( Amazon Rainforest)
írea: 6000.000 ha
Population: decreto 73.684 (19/02/1974)